понедељак, 03. октобар 2016.

Vinčanska kultura, oko 5500-5000 godina p.n.e.,lokalitet Pločnik kod Prokuplja.

Neolitska grnčarija "in situ" - na mestu pronalaska, Vinčanska kultura, oko 5500-5000 godina pre nove ere, na lokalitetu Pločnik kod Prokuplja.
Nalazište se prostire na 120 hektara i čuveno je po ostacima jedne od najstarijih radionica za preradu metala u svetu i najstarije u Evropi, iz 6. milenijuma pre nove ere. Arheolozi su na ovom lokalitetu pronašli više desetina metalnih predmeta od bakra i bronze, delova oruđa i oružja, kao i topionicu i peć, što dokazuje da su stanovnici ove teritorije počeli obrađivati metal oko 5000 godina p.n.e. Metalna radionica u Pločniku je bila prostorija od nekih 25 metara kvadratnih, drvenih zidova, obloženih na vrhu keramikom. Peć izgrađena spolja je imala zemljane lulaste otvore, sa stotinu malnih rupa, što je bio prototip dimnjaka, kako bi omogućili dotok vazduha do peći, radi raspaljivanja vatre i sigurnog odvoda dima.


Neolithic pottery "in situ", Vinča culture, around 5500-5000 BC, at Pločnik site, near Prokuplje, south-eastern Serbia. 
Pločnik archaeological site spreads on 120 hectares, it’s famous for evidences of one of the oldest metal workshops in the world and definitely oldest in Europe, dating back to 6th millenium BC. Archaeologists have found several dozens of copper and bronze objects, tools and weapons, as well as a smelter and furnace, prove that people inhabiting this territory began working with metal more than 5000 years BC. The metal workshop in Pločnik was a room of some 25 square meters, with walls built out of wood coated with clay. The furnace, built on the outside of the room, featured earthen pipe-like air vents with hundreds of tiny holes in them and a proto-type chimney to ensure air goes into the furnace to feed the fire and smoke comes out safely.


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Srednjovekovna srpska tvrđava Maglič, 13. vek

Srednjovekovna srpska tvrđava Maglič, 13. vek, sagrađena na vrhu strmog brda u dolini reke Ibar u blizini kraljeva.
Predstavlja jedno od najbolje sačuvanih utvrđenja u Srbiji i sjajan primer srednjovekovnih srpskih tvrđava sagrađenih duž važnih puteva radi kontrole i zaštite trgovine. 
Utvrđenje ima 7 kula i šestougaonu donžon kulu, a unutar nje se nalaze ostaci palate, vojnih baraka, crkve Svetog Đorđa, velikog rezervoara za vodu i bunara. Za vreme srpskog carstva u 14. veku u Magliču je stolovao arhiepiskop Danilo II, koji je napisao neka od najboljih srpskih srednjevekovnih književnih dela.
Vreme nastanka grada Magliča nije poznato, ali je verovatno postojao u vreme vladavine Vizantije ovim krajevima. Tvrđavu Maglič je u 13. veku obnovio Kralj Stefan Prvovenčani ili njegov sin, Kralj Uroš I, na uzvišenju koje je sa tri strane okruženo strmim nepristupačnim liticama i rekom, sa namerom odbrane obližnjih manastira Žiče i Studenice, kao i u svrhu lakše kontrole doline reke Ibar.




Medieval Serbian castle Maglič, 13th century, placed on the top of hill in valley of the Ibar river, near Kraljevo, central Serbia. 
It’s one of the best preserved and one of the finest examples of the Serbian medieval fortifications, built along the important Medieval roads for protection and control of traffic and trade
Fortress has 7 towers and a hexagonal dungeon tower (keep), and inside there are remains of a palace, military barracks, church of Saint George, a large water reservoir and a well. During the Serbian empire in 14th century it was the seat of Archbishop Danilo II, who wrote some of the most famous Medieval Serbian literary works.
The exact time of construction of the Maglič Fortress is unknown, but the stronghold probably existed during the Byzantine rule in this region. Maglič Fortress was rebuilt in the 13th century by King Stefan Prvovenčani (the First Crowned) or his son Uroš I, on a high rock surrounded from three sides by inaccessible steep mountain sides and the Ibar River, in order to defend the nearby monasteries of Žiča and Studenica and provide control over the Ibar valley.


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Rimski krčag,2. vek nove ere, lokalitet Gomilice na planini Kosmaj

Rimski krčag, glazirana lina, 2. vek nove ere, pronađen u nekropoli na lokalitetu Gomilice, u selu Guberevac, na planini Kosmaj, koja je u vreme starog Rima bila važno rudarsko središte.
Arheolozi su na Gomilicama pronašli 361 grob, sa veoma zanimljivim prilozima – grnčarijom, staklenim predmetima, nakitom, statuama, alatom...Zbirka Kosmaj Narodnog muzeja u Beogradu




Ancient Roman jug, enamelled terracotta, 2nd century AD, found in necropolis at Gomilice site, Guberevac village, at Kosmaj mountain, central Serbia, which was important mining site in Roman times.
Archaeologists have found 361 Roman graves at Gomilice site, with many interesting grave goods – pottery, glass vessels, jewelry, statues, tools… 
Kosmaj Collection of National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade


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